The Koran (continued)

Islam       Session Nine

Item #3, bullet #4 of Outline:  The Koran (continued)

Last session we covered some of the prominent features of the Koran and in this session we shall cover more characteristics of the holy book of Islam; including abrogation and its view of Jesus.

It is impossible to understand the Koran unless one first understands the concept of “abrogation.”  As one reads the Koran one discovers Suras which contradict previous Suras.  How can this be if the Koran is the infallible Word of Allah?  Allah, himself, justifies these contradictions in Sura 2:106:  “Whenever we abrogate a verse or cause it to be forgotten, we replace it by a better or similar one.  Know you not that Allah has power over all things?”

Gregory Davis describes this principle as it applies to tolerance toward infidels versus intolerance toward infidels as recorded in the Koran:   “. . . the various passages commanding tolerance toward non-Muslims occurred early in Muhammad’s  career and have been overruled by later passages commanding violence.  The earlier Suras, revealed at a time when the Muslims  were a small and vulnerable community in Mecca, are generally benign and tolerant; the later Suras, revealed after Muhammad had made himself the head of an army in Medina, are bellicose and aggressive.  In short, all passages recommending killing, decapitating, and maiming, the so-called “Sword Verses,” are Medinan; ‘tolerance has been abrogated by ‘intolerance.” (#2, P. 35)

Raymond Ibrahim also refers to “abrogation” and the “Sword Verses” in his book, “Crucified Again”:  “To this day, mainstream Islamic jurisprudence holds that the Sword Verses have “abrogated, canceled, and replaced 124 verses that called for tolerance, compassion, and peace.” (#7, P. 20)

The Medieval Koranic commentator Ibn Kathir comments on Sura 2:109: “But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings his command (Sura 2: 109); was abrogated by the verse ‘Then kill the idolaters whenever you find them’ (Sura 9:5), and ‘Fight the People of the Book’ (Christians and Jews) . . . (Sura 9:29).  Allah’s pardon for the disbelievers was repealed . . . It was abrogated by the verse    of the sword (Sura 9:5). . . “  (#3: PP. 37-38)

The Koran also has some words to say about Jesus, but He is not portrayed as the Messiah the Son of God as he truly was.

Jesus is acknowledged as a prophet of God but his divinity is rejected (Sura 4: 171) . . . and His crucifixion is also denied (Sura 4:157).  (#2, P. 33)

Robert Spencer in his book, “The Complete Infidel’s Guide to the Koran”, notes several references to Jesus in the Koran:

  • “The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He (Allah) created him from dust, then said to
  • him: ‘Be .’ And he was” (#17, P. 136)
  • . .” . . Jesus is himself a ‘spirit proceeding from’ Allah.” (#17, P. 137)
  • It also specifically rejects the Christian idea that Jesus is the Son of God (Sura 4:171; 9:30). (#17, P. 137)
  • Although Jesus is not presented as divine, the Koran does say that he was virginally conceived
  • (Sura 19:20). (#17, P. 142)
  • Allah says that he will teach Jesus “the Scripture and Wisdom, and the Torah . . . (Sura 3:48). (#17, P. 143)
  • The Koran even asserts that those who believe that Jesus is divine are themselves Infidels – and
  • hell-bound to boot . . . (Sura 5:72). (#17, P. 146)

We will end, at this point, this short list of Allah’s view of Jesus with this blasphemous and ludicrous excerpt from the Koran: “We sent other apostles, and after those Jesus the Son of Mary.  We gave him the Gospel, and put compassion and mercy in the hearts of his followers” (Sura 57:27) (#15, P. 52)

One can readily see that the Koran’s view of Jesus is completely inaccurate and fanciful.

As we continue with this study of Islam;  passages from the Koran will be cited as appropriate to the subject matter.  For now, it is vital that one understands the concept of “abrogation” as it is applied to the various

Suras and the fact that the” tolerance” of Meccan Suras has been replaced, in accordance with the concept of abrogation, by the “intolerance” of Medinan Suras.

Next session we will begin a discussion of the Sunnah (item 3, bullet #5).