Muhammad, brief biography

Islam           Session four

 

Item #2, bullet #3 of Outline:  Muhammad, brief biography

Muhammad, the prophet of Allah, was born into the Quraysh  tribe ( the Quraysh tribe identified with the moon god, Allah. ( #13, page 74))  in or near Mecca in 570 AD.  His father died before he was born and he was orphaned at age six when his mother died.  In his younger years he lived at different times with a grandfather and two uncles.  During this maturation process he learned the ways of a camel driver, shepherd and merchant and made at least one trip out of Arabia to Syria.  At age25, Muhammad married a wealthy widow 15 years his senior and lived a leisurely life until he began receiving revelations at age 40.

More about Muhammad in the third bullet in Item #3 of the outline.

 

Item #3 of Outline:  Islam Defined and Fundamental Beliefs

Islam Defined

What is Islam?  A religion?  A set of societal rules?  A revolutionary movement?  As we explore the world of Islam we need a working conceptual definition to help us understand this  burgeoning world-wide phenomenon.

In his book, “Sword of the Prophet”, Serge Trifkovic eloquently describes Islam thusly:  “Islam is not only a religious doctrine; it is also a self-contained world outlook, and a way of life that claims the primary allegiance of all those calling themselves “Muslim.”

Islam is also a detailed legal and political set of teachings and beliefs.  To whatever political entity a Muslim believer may belong – to the Arab world of North Africa and the Middle East, to the nation-states of Iran or

Central Asia, to the hybrid entities of Pakistan and Indonesia, to the international protectorates of Bosnia and Kosovo, or to the liberal democracies of the West – he is first and foremost a citizen of Islam, and belongs morally, spiritually, and intellectually, and in principle totally, to the world of belief of which Muhammad is the Prophet, and Mecca is the capital.”  (#18, P. 7)

Robert A. Morey, who has written several books on Islam, in his book, “Winning the War Against Radical Islam”, make this critical observation: “Radical Islam does not buy into the religion of liberalism.  It believes that it is the only one true religion on the planet and that it has a moral duty from its god, Allah, to force the entire world to adopt Islamic Law.  The call of the minaret is that no one has the right to worship any other god than Allah or to follow the teachings of any prophet other than Muhammad.  It is exclusive and intolerant of any other religion.  To Bin Ladin or any other fundamentalist Muslim, all other religions are false and evil in an absolute sense.  Thus, they must be destroyed.” (#14, Page e)

Gregory M. Davis, in his book, “Religion of Peace?”, states:  “Once one appreciates that Islam is as much political-territorial as it is religious, one can see that for an individual or society to refuse the rule of Islam is an act not of impiety but of rebellion, which is properly dealt with by force.  It is also easy to understand the obligation of Muslims to kill apostates (Muslims who leave Islam) since defecting from Islam constitutes not an act of conscience but of treason.” (#2, P. 5)

There we have it – Islam, a belief system that requires total allegiance of it believers, intolerance of other religions and which authorizes any means, including the killing of non-Muslims, to spread its belief.  Let’s look at some of the basic features of this “Religion of Peace” beginning with its god, Allah.