Jihad; Defined and in Practice

Islam    Session Twenty-Six

Item #7, bullet 2 of outline:  Jihad; Defined and in Practice

Jihad Defined

Bernard Lewis, in his book, “The Middle East”, provides these definitions of Jihad:

“Another positive obligation prescribed by the jurists and theologians is that of jihad.  This is an  obligation of the community as a whole in offence, of every individual Muslim in defence.  The  term ‘jihad’, conventionally translated ‘holy war’, has the literal meaning of striving, more specifically,  in the Qur’anic phrase ‘striving in the path of God’.  Some Muslim theologians, particularly in more modern times, have interpreted the duty of ‘striving in the path of God’ in a spiritual and moral sense.  The overwhelming majority of early authorities, however, citing relevant passages in the Qur’an and in the tradition discuss jihad in military terms.  Virtually every manual of sharia law has a chapter on jihad, which regulates in minute detail such matters as the opening, conduct, interruption and cessation of hostilities, and the allocation and division of booty.”  (#9, P. 233)  

Raymond Ibrahim, in his book, “Crucified Again”, quotes the authoritative scholar of Sharia law, Majid Khaduri:

“. . . jihad–defined as warfare to subjugate the non-Muslim world—‘is regarded by all (Muslim) jurists, with almost no exception, as a collective obligation of the whole Muslim community.’ “  (#7, P. 21) 

Jihad per the Koran

  • Sura 2:190: “Slay them (the infidels) wherever you find them . . . Idolatry is worse than carnage . . . fight against them until idolatry is no more and God’s religion reigns supreme.”
  • Sura 9:27: “Fight against such as those to whom the Scriptures were given (Jews and Christians) . . . until they pay tribute out of hand and are utterly subdued.”
  • Sura 9:29: “Fight (jihad) those who believe not in Allah or in the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the Religion of Truth, from among the people of the Book until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission.”
  • Sura 47:4: “O True believers, when you encounter the unbelievers, strike off their heads.”
  • Sura 8:36: “Make war on them until idolatry shall cease and God’s religion shall reign supreme.”
  • Sura 9:12: “ . . . make war on the leaders of unbelief . . . Make war on them:  God will chastise them at your hands and humble them.  He will grant you victory over them . . . “
  • Sura 61:4: “Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in rows (ranks) as if they were a solid structure.”
  • Sura 2:216: “Fighting is obligatory for you, much as you dislike it.”
  • Sura 9:73: “Prophet make war on the unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal rigorously with them.  Hell shall be their home.”
  • Sura 48:29: “Muhammad is God’s Apostle; and those who are (truly) with him are firm and unyielding towards all deniers of the truth, (yet) full of mercy towards one another.”

Jihad per the hadith

  • Bukhari 1,2,25: Allah’s Messenger said:  “I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, . . . so if they perform all that, then they save their lives and property from me . . .”  (The above is cited in, “The Third Choice”, by Mark Durie.)  (#3, P. 119)

Quotes re jihad

  • Ayatollah Khomeini: “Jihad means the conquest of non-Muslim territory. The domination of Koranic law from one end of the earth to the other is . . . the final goal . . . of this war of conquest.”   (#14, PP. 80-81)
  • Ayatollah Khomeini (again): “Islam makes it incumbent on all adult males, provided they are not disabled or incapacitated, to prepare themselves for the conquest of (other) countries so that the writ of Islam is obeyed in every country in the world . . . .  But those who study Islamic Holy War will understand why Islam wants to conquer the whole world . . . . Those who know nothing of Islam pretend that Islam counsels against war.  Those (who say this) are witless.  Islam says:  Kill all the unbelievers just as they would kill you all!”
  • Jacques Ellal: “Jihad is a religious obligation.  It forms part of the duties that the  (Muslim) believer must fulfill; it is Islam’s normal path to expansion.”  (#14, P. 81)
  • Norman Stone: “. . . Islam is the religion, after all, of the ferocious Ayatollahs, of suicide-bombings and hostage-taking; of the Afghan sects, who, no doubt, will soon be meting revenge on collaborators with the Soviets.  Salman Rushdie has learned this in a very hard way . . . .”  (#14, P. 98)
  • Gregory M. Davis (author of, “Religion of Peace?”): “What is striking in the account of jihad is not so much the barbaric excesses to which Muslim warriors and rulers have been prone, but that they follow so naturally from the teachings and example of Muhammad himself.  Indeed, ‘excess’ is an inaccurate term:  these deeds of savagery are only ‘excessive’ when viewed from a non-Muslim perspective.  They are perfectly in line with Islamic instructions to conquer, kill, pillage, and humiliate the infidel as enjoined in the Koran and exemplified by the life of Muhammad.”  (#2, P. 80)
  • Sheik Omar Adel-Rahman: “Muslims must kill the enemies of Allah, in every way and everywhere in order to liberate themselves from the grandchildren of pigs and apes who are educated at the table of the Zionists, the Communists and the imperialists. . . .  I will show all Americans that they will not be happy if they do not follow Islam.”  (#14, P. 120)

Jihad in Practice

  • 650 Armenia: All the inhabitants of Euchaita, Armenia were slaughtered.  (#2, P. 72)
  • 793 Spain: At Jaranda and Narbonne the Islamic army killed the bravest and destroyed the town’s walls and towers.  For several months the Islamic army traversed an area of northern Spain in every direction, raping women, killing warriors, destroying fortresses, burning and pillaging everything. . . .  (#2. P. 73)
  • 634 Syria: Thousands of Christians massacred.  (#18, P. 95)
  • 635-642 Mesopotamia (an area in modern day Iraq): Monasteries were ransacked and the monks and villagers slain.  (#18, P. 95)
  • 643 Tripoli (North Africa): The city was pillaged and the Jews and Christians were forced to hand over their women and children as slaves.
  • 698 Carthage (in present-day Tunisia): Carthage was razed and most of its inhabitants killed. (#18, PP. 95-96)
  • 845 Galicia (Northwest Spain): A Muslim army advanced into Galicia, where it pillaged and massacred everyone.  (#2, P. 73)
  • 712 to 1525 India:  The massacres perpetrated by Muslims in India are unparalleled in history, bigger in sheer numbers than the Holocaust, or the massacre of the Armenians by the Turks; more extensive even than the slaughter of South American native  populations by the invading Spanish and Portuguese.  (#18, PP. 112-113)

Will Durant summed up the Muslim slaughter in India like this:  “The Islamic conquest of India is probably the bloodiest story in history.  It is a discouraging tale, for its evident moral is that civilization is a precious good, whose delicate complex of order and freedom, culture and peace, can at any moment be overthrown by barbarians invading from without or multiplying within.”

It is estimated that between 1000 and 1525 the Indian subcontinent population decreased by 80 million! (danielpipes.org; 12/15/2005)

The slaughter and destruction perpetrated by the Muslim hordes in India, by itself, is enough to rank Islam as the worst barbarians in the history of the world.

  • 920-923 Moorish Spain: In 920 the Muslim army put the garrison of Muez to the sword, and in 923 the Muslims entered Pamplona and destroyed its cathedral.  Elsewhere, cities that offered armed resistance “were subjected to the full rigor of Islamic custom, summary execution of all adult males, and the enslavement of women and children,” the fate of Cordova, Zaragoza, and Merida.  (#18, P. 108)
  • 1389 Kosovo: The Turks (Ottoman Empire army) destroyed a multinational army under the Serbian king, St.Lazar .  (#2, P. 77)
  • 1453 Constantinople: When the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople the pillaging and killing went on for three days.  The blood ran in rivers down the steep steps from the heights of Petra toward the Golden Horn.  (#18, P116)  (See Session #17 for a more complete account of the pillaging of Constantinople.)
  • 1822: Greek Island of Chios:  Almost the entire population of the island (4 miles off west coast of Turkey) was massacred or enslaved (about 10,000 people). (#18, P. 120)
  • 1876 Batak, Bulgaria: Of the town’s 7,000 inhabitants, 5,000 were murdered by the Ottoman Turks. (#27; Article entitled,”Batak Massacre”)
  • Late 19th century and early 20th century Armenia: The Ottoman Turks slaughtered about 200,000 Armenians in various Turkish towns and in Armenia itself in the late 19th century and early 20th (#18, P. 122)
  • 1915 Armenia: In 1915, during World War I, the Ottoman Turks slaughtered approximately 1.5 million  Armenians in what has become known as the Armenian Genocide.  (See session #17 for a lengthy discussion of this.)
  • 1922 Smyrna, Turkey: In one of the greatest crimes of all times, the Ottoman Turks burned the ancient town of Smyrna (A busy commercial and cultural center of Asia Minor which contained one of the seven churches of the Book of Revelation.) and massacred or scattered its population of 300,000.
  • 9/11/2001: Muslim suicide bombers, crying “Allah Akbar” (Allah is Great or Greatest) hijacked and crashed 4 commercial aircraft, killing 2,977 people.  The world trade center’s twin towers were destroyed and 2,753 killed.  The aircraft which crashed into the Pentagon killed 184 and the aircraft which crashed in rural Pennsylvania killed 40.  This was, in fact, a jihad attack on America.
  • 2013 – 2015: Two organized Muslim terrorist jihad groups; ISIS in Syria and Iraq, and Boko Haram in Nigeria have killed thousands as they swept through native villages. 
  • Since 9/11/2001: The Religion of Peace website indicates that since 9/11/2001 (updated to 9/18/2015) there have been, in numerous parts of the world, 26,962 Islamic Terrorist Attacks.  This fact , alone, establishes Islam as the most violent movement in the world today.

The above underscores the fact that “jihad” has been the primary weapon in the, almost 1400-year, advance of Islam from its beginning with Muhammad.

Next session, we shall begin a discussion of Stealth Jihad.